According to the Global Alliance for Cookstoves, 1.9 million people die each year from exposure to smoke from traditional cookstoves and open fires—the primary cooking and heating method for almost 3 billion people in developing countries. Additionally, the reliance on fuels from natural resources creates severe personal security risks, especially for women and girls, as they search for wood in refugee camps and conflict zones. The use of cookstoves and indoor fires contributes to multiple chronic illnesses such as:
- Childhood Pneumonia
- Lung Cancer
- Cardiovascular Disease
- Low Birth Weight
Plus, these cookstoves emit a range of greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide and methane, along with aerosols like black carbon, which contributes to climate change.